2020-21The SATSubject Tests StudentGuideInformation about all20 SAT Subject Tests Test-taking adviceand tipsSample questionsfor all testsMATH HISTORY SCIENCE LITERATURE LANGUAGESFind more free andaffordable practice atSATSubjectTests.org.
About College BoardCollege Board is a mission-driven not-for-profit organization that connects students to collegesuccess and opportunity. Founded in 1900, College Board was created to expand accessto higher education. Today, the membership association is made up of over 6,000 of theworld’s leading educational institutions and is dedicated to promoting excellence and equityin education. Each year, College Board helps more than seven million students prepare fora successful transition to college through programs and services in college readiness andcollege success—including the S A T and the Advanced Placement Program. The organizationalso serves the education community through research and advocacy on behalf of students,educators, and schools.For further information, visit collegeboard.org.S A T Customer ServiceYou can reach us from 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. (ET)Summer hours (after the June test through August 19): Monday–Friday 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. (ET)phone:email:mail:866-756-7346International: [email protected] Board S A T ProgramP.O. Box 025505Miami, FL 33102Services for Students with Disabilities (SSD) d.org 2020 College Board. College Board, Advanced Placement, AP, SAT, Student Search Service, and the acorn logo are registered trademarks of College Board.BigFuture, SAT Subject Tests, Score Choice, The Official SAT Study Guide, The Official SAT Subject Tests in Mathematics Levels 1 & 2 Study Guide, TheOfficial SAT Subject Tests in U.S. and World History Study Guide, and The Official Study Guide for all SAT Subject Tests are trademarks owned by CollegeBoard. All other products and services may be trademarks of their respective owners. Visit College Board on the web: collegeboard.org.Khan Academy is a trademark registered in the United States and other jurisdictions.
Contents12568111417232832Using This GuideBefore Test DayOn Test DayAfter the TestsLiteratureUnited States HistoryWorld HistoryMathematics Level 1 and Level 2Biology E/MChemistryPhysicsUsing This GuideUse this booklet to familiarize yourself with the S A TSubject Tests . Remember, if you have access to theinternet you can find everything in this booklet, includinganswer explanations for the practice questions, atSATSubjectTests.org.Know What to ExpectUse the information in this booklet and online to helpavoid surprises on test day.Review the equipment you need for each test. (See“Subject Tests Requiring Special Equipment.”)Learn the test directions. If you become familiar withthe directions now, you’ll leave yourself more time toanswer the questions when you take the test. Notethat some Subject Tests, such as Chemistry, havespecial instructions.Review the sample questions. The more familiar youare with the question formats, the more comfortableyou’ll feel when you see similar questions on theactual test.Understand how the tests are scored. Hard questionscount the same as easier questions. You may not be ableto complete all the questions in the time given, but itisn’t necessary to get every question correct to receivethe highest score for the test. Refer to the next columnto learn more about how the tests are scored.Be aware of what you need to know about taking thistest. When you register for the tests, you agree to theSAT Terms and Conditions on page 74.Understand the TestsWhat the SAT Subject Tests MeasureThe S A T Subject Tests are one-hour-long assessmentsthat give you the opportunity to demonstrate knowledgeand showcase achievement in specific subjects. They374248535658616567717274Chinese with ListeningFrench and French with ListeningGerman and German with ListeningModern HebrewItalianJapanese with ListeningKorean with ListeningLatinSpanish and Spanish with ListeningAcceptable and Unacceptable CalculatorsAdditional Information About TestingSAT Terms and Conditionsprovide a fair and reliable measure of yourachievement in high school—information that canhelp enhance your college application.SAT Subject Tests measure how well you know aparticular subject area and your ability to apply thatknowledge. SAT Subject Tests aren’t connected tospecific textbooks or teaching methods. The contentof each test evolves to reflect the latest trends inwhat is taught in typical high school courses in thecorresponding subject.How the SAT Subject Tests Are ScoredThe total score for each test is on a 200–800 scale in10-point intervals.Each test is scored slightly differently depending onhow many answer choices there are.Each correct answer receives one point. Eachincorrect answer is subtracted as follows:1/4 point subtracted for each 5-choice question1/3 point subtracted for each 4-choice question1/2 point subtracted for each 3-choice question0 points subtracted for questions you don’tanswerSee specific subject sections in this booklet for moreinformation.How Colleges Use S A T Subject TestScoresColleges use SAT Subject Test scores to gain insightinto your academic background and achievement inspecific subject areas. They use this information incombination with other factors—high school grades,letters of recommendation, extracurricular activities,essays, etc.—to make admission or placementdecisions.The SAT Subject Tests Student Guide1
Even if they don’t require the tests colleges anduniversities often review the scores during the applicationprocess because they can give a fuller picture of youracademic achievement. Many colleges also use SubjectTests for course placement and advising; some schoolsallow you to place out of introductory courses throughsubmitting scores on certain Subject Tests.Which SAT Subject Tests You Should TakeS A T Subject Tests are the only college admission testswhere you can choose the subjects you’re tested in. Youselect the Subject Test(s) and can take up to 3 tests inone sitting.The S A T Subject Tests that you choose to take shouldbe based on the subject areas you enjoy in school andyour academic strengths. The tests are a great way toindicate interest in specific majors or programs of study(e.g., engineering, premed, cultural studies).Certain colleges or programs of study require orrecommend specific tests, such as mathematics orscience, so it’s important to make sure you understandthe policies prior to choosing which Subject Tests totake. If you have questions or concerns about admissionpolicies, contact admission officers at individual schools.When to Take S A T Subject TestsCheck the recommended preparation guidelines foreach Subject Test at SATSubjectTests.org (click on eachsubject to view) to make sure you’ve completed therecommended course work. In general, you’ll want totake S A T Subject Tests right after you’ve completed therecommended classes, even in your first or second yearsof high school, because the material will still be freshin your mind. For language tests, however, you shouldconsider delaying testing until after you’ve studied thelanguage for at least 2 years.Check online to see when the Subject Tests you’reinterested in are offered. You should also think aboutcollege application deadlines. Go to bigfuture.org to lookup policies for specific colleges.Sending Scores When You RegisterWhen you register, you also have the opportunity tochoose up to 4 colleges, universities, or scholarshipprograms to receive your scores at no further charge.Only your scores from the test date on the registrationwill be sent, unless you specifically ask to send all yourexisting SAT and SAT Subject Test scores.2The SAT Subject Tests Student GuideBefore Test DayTesting AccommodationsCollege Board provides accommodations such asbraille, large print, and extended time for students whorequire them. You must apply for and get College Boardapproval in advance of the test date when you’ll needthe accommodations. Requests for accommodations arehandled by the Services for Students with Disabilities(SSD) office.Applying for AccommodationsTalk to your school’s SSD coordinator or your counselorto see if accommodations are appropriate. Your SSDcoordinator can submit a request for accommodationsonline. If you choose to request accommodationswithout help from your school, download a paperStudent Eligibility Form from collegeboard.org/ssd.You’ll receive an SSD eligibility letter indicating what (ifany) accommodations you’re approved for.nIf you move to a new school after you’ve beenapproved for accommodations, tell your new schoolthat you’re approved for accommodations.nStudents approved for extended time for specificsubject areas only (math, for example) will only getthose accommodations in those subject area tests.nBring your SSD eligibility letter with you on test dayto provide documentation if needed.Registering with AccommodationsYour SSD number is located on your SSD EligibilityLetter. You’ll need to include this number when youregister with accommodations.If your accommodations aren’t approved at the timeyou’re registering:Transfer to a later date if accommodations are notapproved in time for test day.If approved in time for test day, bring a copy of yourSSD eligibility letter, along with your photo ID andadmission ticket, to the center. If there are enoughmaterials and space, you may be able to test withyour approved accommodations.
The SAT QuestionnaireWhen you register, you have the opportunity to answerquestions about yourself, your educational experience,and your possible plans for after you graduate high school.While you don’t have to answer these questions, westrongly recommend that you do. Your responses giveyour school counselors and college admission officersinformation they can use to help you plan your future. Themore information you provide, the more they can help you.Key facts about Student Search Service:You can join for free and hear from a diverse groupof accredited colleges, universities, scholarships,and other nonprofit educational programs, whichwe refer to as “education organizations.” No otherorganizations or companies are eligible to participate inStudent Search Service.As part of your SAT registration, you will also havethe opportunity to opt-in to Student Search Service.It’s entirely up to you whether to opt-in. The serviceis free to you, but education organizations pay us alicensing fee to use the service. We use those licensefees to support our mission-driven work, includingproviding vouchers so students from lower incomefamilies can take the test for free. College Board is anot-for-profit organization.Being part of Student Search Service is voluntaryand you can opt out at any time. Being contactedby a college or university doesn’t mean you’ve beenadmitted. You must submit an application to beconsidered for admission. Student Search Service issimply a way for education organizations to reachprospective students to let them know about theopportunities they offer.Your answers to some questions (the questionnaireidentifies which ones) won’t appear on your score reportbut will be used by College Board for research andplanning.Your responses, when combined with those of all otherstudents taking the SAT Subject Tests, contribute to anunderstanding of the academic preparation, extra- andcocurricular involvement, and post-high-school plansof your graduating class, which can help colleges anduniversities deliver programs and opportunities to serveyou and your classmates.Score ReportingScores are available for free online atstudentscores.collegeboard.org several weeks aftereach test is given. You can also get your scores, for a fee,by calling Customer Service (see inside front cover).How Student Search Service WorksIf you opt-in, you may be identified by educationorganizations as a potential match for their programsand opportunities.Education organizations generally look for groupsof students based on expected graduation date,where they live, self-reported cumulative grade pointaverage (GPA), test score ranges, intended collegemajor, geography, and other limited parameters. Thisinformation comes from your test registration and otherinformation you provide to College Board. It may alsoinclude your college list, if you created one, on CollegeBoard’s college planning website, BigFuture , atbigfuture.org.College Board never shares your actual test scores,grades, disability status, parent information, ortelephone numbers. Please note that we do share testscore ranges and GPA.Sending Scores When You RegisterWhen you send scores as part of your test registration,we will send just the scores from that testadministration. In all other cases, we’ll send all yourscores, unless you use Score Choice .Score ChoiceScore Choice gives you the option to choose theindividual S A T Subject Test scores you send to colleges.With Score Choice, you have an opportunity to showcolleges the scores you feel best represent your abilities.Score Choice is optional, so if you don’t actively chooseto use it when you order additional score reports, allyour scores will be sent automatically with your scorereport. Most colleges only consider your best scores, soyou should still feel comfortable reporting scores from allof your tests.Student Search Service ProgramNearly 1,900 eligible colleges, universities, scholarships,and other educational programs use our Student SearchService to connect with students who may be a goodmatch for their school or program. As a result, youmay discover colleges or scholarship opportunities youhad not previously considered. Student Search Servicemay also help you start conversations with collegesand scholarship organizations to inform your collegeplanning process.If you have opted-in and match the educationorganization search criteria, we will provide themyour contact information so they can reach out to youby postal mail an